Electronic components are smaller, faster, and more reliable than ever before. Many of the advances made in the electronics industry are directly related to the materials used. The excellent conductive properties of high-quality electronic nickel coupled with its resistance to corrosion make it an excellent choice for multiple electronic applications. Glass-sealing alloys such as Kovar® and alloy 52 are used to make hermetic environments, and alloy 42 is very well suited for joining to ceramic chips in miniature electronic circuits.
It is used in laminated cores for instrument transformers, magnetic shields and cores for certain electronic and communication devices. High Perm 49’s extremely high permeability at low magnetizing forces significantly increases operational effectiveness and efficiency. Because of its high permeability, it is used in solenoid cores and in light-sensitive relays that must operate and respond to weak currents that induce low magnetizing forces.
Molybdenum TZM is an established Molybdenum alloy (0.50 Ti, 0.08 Zr, balance Mo), which is consolidated by either the P/M or vacuum arc-casting processes. It gives excellent service in applications that require high strength and creep resistance at elevated temperatures. TZM Molybdenum Alloy also permits higher service temperatures without softening or weakening.
Ti-6Al-4V (UNS designation R56400), also sometimes called TC4, is an alpha-beta titanium alloy with a high strength-to-weight ratio and excellent corrosion resistance. It is one of the most commonly used titanium alloys and is applied in a wide range of applications where low density and excellent corrosion resistance are necessary such as e.g. aerospace industry and biomechanical applications (implants and prostheses).
Like niobium, tantalum is a heat-tolerant refractory metal with excellent corrosion resistance. Often alloyed with other metals, tantalum is used to make super alloys used in chemical processing, jet engines and nuclear reactors. Its oxidation properties also make it an excellent choice for many electronic applications, including electrolytic capacitors and high-power resistors. Tantalum is also highly bio-compatible and used extensively for medical applications, such as skull plates, hip joints, suture clips and stents.
Niobium (also known as columbium) is a shiny, ductile metal primarily used in alloys. It improves the properties of steel and is often used in gas pipelines, jet engines and structural applications. Because of its corrosion resistance and ability to perform at high temperatures, niobium metal plates, rods and sheets are used in sputtering targets and chemical processing equipment. At extremely low temperatures, it becomes superconductive. Superconductive niobium wire is used to make extremely powerful electromagnets used in magnetic resonance imagery and particle accelerators.