Metals used in the aerospace industry must be light and strong, providing unmatched reliability despite extreme pressure, high heat and dramatic shifts in temperature. Titanium is often the material of choice for both airframes and turbine engine parts. Tungsten is used to make rocket engine nozzles. Invar® and other nickel-iron alloys are used for aircraft instrumentation and precision composite molds.
NETIC® is uniquely different from Co-NETIC®. It is an iron alloy that is often applied in fields of high intensity (strong fields) because of its high magnetic saturation characteristics. Frequently, NETIC® is used in conjunction with a layer of Co-NETIC® as layering is proven to provide extra precaution and/or lower risk of electro-magnetic interference. If used in combination, the NETIC® layer is placed closest to the source of interference, with Co-NETIC® or MuMETAL® layer closest to the component being shielded.
Co-NETIC® Or NETIC®?
In fields of low intensity, Co-NETIC® is used in order to utilize its high initial permeability and corresponding high attenuation characteristics. In strong fields of high intensity, NETIC® is preferred because of its high magnetic saturation characteristics. In some applications, combinations of the two materials may be useful, with NETIC® material always placed closer to the source of magnetic interference.
Co-NETIC® is considered far superior in shielding performance due to its consistent quality, material composition and Perfection Annealing process. A Ferromagnetic that is used primarily in low intensity fields where high attenuation is desired (high initial permeability & high shielding efficiency), it has become our leading brand. Co-NETIC® alloy is readily available from stock in three forms:
Co-NETIC® AA Perfection Annealed
Co-NETIC® Stress Annealed
Co-NETIC® B Stress Annealed
Heavy metal alloys are pseudo-alloys of tungsten with a nickel-iron or nickel-copper matrix. They are produced by powder metal and sintering processes. Tungsten Heavy Alloys has a high density of 17-19 g/cm³. Comparable densities are only reached by gold or platinum. These alloys are used as mass balancing weights and attenuators in aircraft construction, in motors and power trains, as oscillating weights and centrifugal weights in machines and in equipment construction, and in medical technology for both protection from and focusing of ionizing radiation in x-ray and measuring devices.
It is used in laminated cores for instrument transformers, magnetic shields and cores for certain electronic and communication devices. High Perm 49’s extremely high permeability at low magnetizing forces significantly increases operational effectiveness and efficiency. Because of its high permeability, it is used in solenoid cores and in light-sensitive relays that must operate and respond to weak currents that induce low magnetizing forces.
Ti-6Al-4V (UNS designation R56400), also sometimes called TC4, is an alpha-beta titanium alloy with a high strength-to-weight ratio and excellent corrosion resistance. It is one of the most commonly used titanium alloys and is applied in a wide range of applications where low density and excellent corrosion resistance are necessary such as e.g. aerospace industry and biomechanical applications (implants and prostheses).
Like Niobium, Tantalum is a heat-tolerant refractory metal with excellent corrosion resistance. Often alloyed with other metals, tantalum is used to make super alloys used in chemical processing, jet engines and nuclear reactors. Its oxidation properties also make it an excellent choice for many electronic applications, including electrolytic capacitors and high-power resistors. Tantalum is also highly bio-compatible and used extensively for medical applications, such as skull plates, hip joints, suture clips and stents.
Tungsten has the highest melting point of all metals and, at temperatures greater than 1650°C, the highest tensile strength. Its thermal expansion rate is similar to that of borosilicate glass and silicon. Tungsten’s good thermal and electrical conductivity make it an excellent choice for microprocessor applications. It is also used in electron emitters, heater coils, cathode ray tubes, electrical contacts and a variety of high-heat applications.
The addition of rhenium to molybdenum improves plasticity and weldability and decreases brittleness for certain temperature ranges. It is used throughout the aerospace and electronics industries for applications such as nuclear reactors, semiconductors, electrical contacts, filaments and igniter wires.
Unalloyed Commercially Pure (CP) Titanium is available in four different grades, 1, 2, 3 and 4, which are used based on the corrosion resistance, ductility and strength requirements of the specific application. Titanium Grade 2 is stronger than Grade 1 and equally corrosion-resistant against most applications.
For use in extremely high-heat environments, type C thermocouples are made from alloys containing different rhenium-tungsten ratios. Rhenium-Tungsten is also used in traditional tungsten applications when greater ductility is desired.
Constantan is a copper-nickel alloy used in a variety of thermocouple applications. It is paired with iron, copper and Chromel® to form types J, T and E thermocouples, respectively. Known for its high electrical resistivity and its ability to perform consistently despite changes in temperature, Constantan is also widely used throughout the electronics industry.
Used with Alumel® in type K thermocouples and with Constantan in type E thermocouples, Chromel® is made of nickel and chromium.
Used in conjunction with Chromel® in type K thermocouples, Alumel®1 is made of nickel, manganese, aluminum and silicon.
200 Series are chromium-manganese-nickel alloys, which maximize the use of manganese and nitrogen to minimize the use of nickel. 200 Series Nickel has good mechanical properties and excellent corrosion resistance to alkalis. It also has good electrical, thermal and magneto-strictive properties.
The coefficient of thermal expansion for LE alloy 42 makes it very well suited for joining to ceramic chips in miniature electronic circuits. A less-expensive alternative to similar electronic nickel alloys, it is used extensively in the automotive, electronic and medical industries.
With an extremely low coefficient of thermal expansion, approximately one-tenth that of carbon steel at temperatures up to 400° F, Invar® is often thought of as the material of choice for low expansion nickel alloy applications. The ability to maintain strength at very low temperatures also makes it the optimum choice for containing some liquid gasses.
Alloy 52 is a nickel-iron alloy with a thermal expansion rate similar to soft glasses and ceramics. Typical applications include voltage regulators, conductors, and glass-to-metal hermetic seals.
Composed of iron, nickel and cobalt, Kovar®1 has thermal expansion characteristics similar to hard glass, making it an excellent choice for glass-to-metal hermetic seals. Kovar® is widely used in the electronics industry.